California’s tens of millions of dabbers, vapers, and hashish flavor-chasers can loosen up about one factor this vacation season. Raw Garden, the state’s main extract model, is concluding a banging 2020 harvest destined for our fingers.

Uncooked Backyard has hand-harvested and fresh-froze over 80 new cultivars throughout 45 acres—literal fields of taste that stretch to the horizon in Santa Barbara County, CA.

Over 200,000 vegetation sit frozen for extraction into “dwell resin”, which means loads of sauce for dabs, in addition to refined oil for vape pen cartridges discovered at just about each one of many state’s 600 shops. After we visited in late October, about half the farm sat within the freezer.

“We’re on tempo,” mentioned Casey Birthisel, vice chairman of cultivation.

What’s Uncooked Backyard?

Simply off Freeway 101, the four-year-old farm with 100 workers is pulling additional forward on the science of breeding, growing, harvesting, and processing hashish extracts at scale.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Every plant begins in spring with a feminized seed (not a clone) that shoots a vigorous taproot into the soil. A single seed can develop to a seven-foot-tall bush by October. Their chilled seed library has hit 15,000 distinct crosses of latest strains and 25 million seeds.

The corporate balances farming economics—known as “agronomics”—and the pricey, endless taste chase. Customers bore shortly, and the velocity of pressure improvement is accelerating nationwide.

“We’ve re-prioritized aromatics. I care about farmability—however I care about terps.”

Khalid Al-Naser

Co-founder Thomas Martin comes from a farming household, and labored with my tour information, Head of Product Khalid Al-Naser, who comes from making extracts in Sacramento and the pre-legalization medical marijuana trade.

He shortly let me know the phrase of the day is “terps” or terpenes—the aromas of hashish that modulate the excessive.

Then, it was time to enter one other world.


What are cannabis terpenes and what do they do?

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Welcome to paradise

The scale of Uncooked Backyard collapses your sense of scale.

Strolling ‘simply over there’ finally ends up being 1 / 4 of a mile. You want a truck to get round. Thus far, Uncooked Backyard has launched over 500 hashish cultivars, and the aim is to launch 5 new cultivars, per product every week. Like Pokemon, you gotta catch ‘em all.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Uncooked Backyard’s 1-gram Sweet Leeroy Reside Resin (which runs about $40) might be the top-selling product on the planet, in response to wholesale market Leaflink.

For those who rock a Uncooked Backyard lanyard out on the planet, and your common younger retail gross sales man will shout it out: ’Hey, man—good. Love these guys.’

When adult-use legalization’s testing and taxes hit customers in 2018 and 2019, Uncooked Backyard turned legends by reducing their costs 20%. Everybody else raised theirs.

“The appreciation was loopy. The extent of gratitude was so immense,” mentioned Khalid.

 “Weed is life to folks. They’ll’t afford it, and the pricing sensitivity could be very actual.”


And whereas it’s reasonably priced, Uncooked Backyard can be medical-grade. No synthetic terpenes or mixing are allowed.

They’ve additionally trademarked the phrase “Your Single Supply.” Every hoop home row is devoted to a particular cultivar. Rows are harvested by pressure, and extracted by pressure, which means every batch of oil is strain-specific.


US cannabis harvest price report 2020

Every little thing is bred, grown, harvested, extracted, and packaged in-house. That’s not like many manufacturers that slap their identify on another person’s cartridge, full of some else’s oil, extracted from but another person’s flowers. Vertical integration means high quality management, in addition to value management.

This winter, Uncooked Backyard has new all-in-one disposables aimed toward $20 retail.

 “Weed is life to folks. They’re can’t afford it and the pricing sensitivity could be very actual,” mentioned Al-Naser. “I simply don’t assume hashish pricing has normalized. We’re nonetheless pricing out lots of people.”

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Their price-consciousness doesn’t cease them from assembly folks on the different finish of the affordability spectrum. In addition they have pricier merchandise. Their 1-gram carts of strains like WiFi Walker include refined dwell resin.

Refined Reside Resin carts use the identical extract discovered within the jars—simply optimized to circulation in a vape pen. The refinement means the oil is much less more likely to chunk up, and style dangerous.

From the primary puff, they hit clear, flavorful, and robust—excellent for low-profile administration of no matter vexes you. Every little thing? Nice. They’ve obtained vacation flavors to melt the blows together with:

  • Tropic Sundown Hybrid (Cindy Punch x Beary White x Bitter Crack)
  • Guava Haze Sativa Hybrid (Chem Haze x Guava Lemonade)
  • Twisted Citrus Sativa Hybrid (Limeberry x Lemon Walker x Cloud Chaser)
  • Cosmic Cookies Indica Hybrid (Do Si Dos x Bitter Crack x Chemdawg)
  • Lime Blossom Sativa Hybrid (Slymer x Lilikoi Blossom)
  • Mendo Clouds Indica Hybrid (Skywalker x Mendo Punch)
  • Galactic Punch Indica Hybrid (Galactic Punch – Dosi Punch x Skywalker)

Strolling the flavour fields

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
Within the photograph above, rows and rows of Rose end on the department. Let me inform you, whenever you die and go to terp heaven, you come right here. (David Downs/Leafly)

It’s terp Valhalla—a heady, disorienting, excessive type of forest remedy. You’re giddy from the contact excessive and sheer visuals of all of the flowering vegetation.

Cultivars within the 2020 fields embrace:

  • Tremendous Lemon SMAC
  • Rain Drop
  • Magic Melon
  • Reminiscence Loss
  • Clementine
  • Star Jah
  • Slurricane

On and on the rows go.

“We now have a extremely good Slurricane,” mentioned Khalid.

So, how does Uncooked Backyard provide you with all its names?

Normally, it’s a nod to parentage and taste.

Whereas Lime OG by no means smelled like limes, “the trendy shopper has been uncovered to flavoring, they’re anticipating it to style like limes,” Al-Naser mentioned.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(David Downs/Leafly)

“If we’re calling it raspberry this and guava that, it doesn’t must slap you within the face. However, naked minimal, you have got to have the ability to sit again together with your palette and your eyes closed and assume again to the time you had guava and go, yeah, yeah, yeah.”

Banana Slurm #8, for instance, is Cherry Slurm and Banana OG.

2019’s best-selling Funk N Fireplace is Gorilla Glue and Leeroy OG—however they made a variety of completely different variations of that profitable combo. Their Glueroy clearly leaned extra towards the Glue.

Against this, “Funk N Fire turned the right marriage of the 2,” mentioned Al-Naser.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(David Downs/Leafly)

The vegetation reek in one of the best ways potential. Uncooked Backyard holds onto the contemporary odor by freezing their complete crop and extracting it utilizing mild hydrocarbons.

So-called “contemporary frozen dwell resin” captures the precise aromas of the harvest—the monoterpenes—which can be lengthy gone in conventionally dried hashish. Some 80% of terpenes can get misplaced within the drying course of, however contemporary frozen preserves all of them.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(David Downs/Leafly)

Clean Green-certified to OMRI (natural) requirements, the farm sprays natural foliar feeds and recruits useful bugs like ladybugs and bees to hunt pests. Pest #1?

“Lepidoptera,” mentioned Birthisel, the VP of cultivation, with no hesitation.


Moths lay eggs that hatch into grubs, eat, and poop within the middle of the thickest buds, triggering rot. All West Coast growers battle them, and the Uncooked Backyard farm had a 50-cent bounty on every caterpillar at one level.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(David Downs/Leafly)

Why does Uncooked Backyard develop in hoop homes?

The sunshine diffusion is gentler on the vegetation than direct rays and burns fewer terps. “The hoops simply shelter all the things in a pleasant manner. It warms up, so that you get type of the greenhouse impact, however you get a variety of open air and the bugs transfer out and in freely, so it stays rather a lot more healthy.”

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(David Downs/Leafly)

It’s the farm’s second harvest of the yr as a result of the entire farm by no means comes down abruptly. Plantings are staggered and various by sort.

This yr, the farm ran a variety of Slymer, now in sixth and seventh technology crosses. We couldn’t {photograph} it, however up of their seed library, drawers of seeds in paper separated by cardboard sit refrigerated at the hours of darkness.

It’s a Noah’s Ark of dank and I hope it’s backed up someplace off-site.

The harvesting course of

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
Head of Product Al-Naser will get sticky within the fields. (David Downs/Leafly)

Uncooked Backyard grows proper within the Buellton soil like some other crop. Farming it combines components of raspberry farming and tomato farming—the ring homes of raspberries; the nitrogen utilization of tomatoes.

The tall skinny rows are spaced to suit the treads of a particular sort of tractor that drives over the rows throughout planting, in addition to throughout natural foliar spraying. And in contrast to most weed gardens, these vegetation should stand on their very own.

“We actually attempt to do as little trellising as potential, even the quantity we’re doing to some extent is fairly annoying,” mentioned Al-Naser. Final yr’s crops obtained so uniform, Al-Naser obtained nervous.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
Skilled eyes will observe the uneven cover above. This can be a late-season hoop of latest strains the place the main target is on range over consistency.
(David Downs/Leafly)

“We had been dialed into the agronomics after which I hit them with, ‘I would like extra terps! We now have obtained manner too many father or mother vegetation which can be comparable, I wish to see broader range.’”

Out got here seventh-generation strains (“f6s and f7s”), and in got here contemporary ones (“f2s and f3s”). New crosses are much less constant—or “secure—than extra mature breeds.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Regardless of the dimensions, virtually each leaf on a Uncooked Backyard hashish plant will get plucked by hand. It’s nonetheless medieval. There’s simply no robots that may do the fragile work.

The ripe buds are:

  1. Denuded of enormous leaves on the department by hand
  2. Chopped and boxed by hand
  3. Taken by truck to the freezer bay
  4. Moved by forklift to a conveyor belt
  5. Manicured and flash-frozen
  6. Bagged and sealed by hand
  7. Boxed and palleted by hand
  8. And delivered by way of forklift to storage freezers
Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Say ‘freeze’

Cameras aren’t allowed within the freezer bay the place ranchero music blares and a beeping forklift backs up pallets of waxed vegetable packing containers bursting with leafy buds. The terps appear to waft off in seen waves. It’s arduous to focus, it smells so good. You’re feeling giddy.

The packing containers get weighed and go onto a trimming line the place shifts of farmworkers quickly clip away waste leaves from bud.

The conveyor belt of buds rumbles right into a car-sized flash-freezer. Guys in thick mitts catch the icy buds off the belt, quickly pack them in heavy-duty plastic, flush with nitrogen, and vacuum-seal for chilly storage till extraction at their manufacturing facility. Every single day, an Airgas tanker truck loaded with liquid nitrogen tops off their provide.

Uncooked Backyard’s core product—the oils—are a creature of necessity, Khalid reveals. Farmers have dried hashish for 1000’s of years. However drying weed requires 25% of the area of rising it, he mentioned. It’s legally cumbersome to construct drying rooms and logistically difficult to dry. And it could take a month to dry and treatment a harvest.

“At one level the corporate mentioned, ‘We are able to’t dry all this weed.’”

As an alternative, agronomics known as for slicing out the drying step fully, freezing hashish, and extracting and promoting the oil at the next quantity for a decrease margin.

Co-founder and COO of the model, Thomas Martin, had a household historical past in farming and a Bachelor of Science in accounting from Santa Clara College. Co-founder and CEO John Del Friel left a UC San Diego bioengineering program for the chance.

A take a look at Uncooked Backyard’s breeding program

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

In standard farming, you’ll see rows of constant crops. Hashish continues to be years away from stabilized seeds, so Uncooked Backyard’s breeding program is on the hunt for terped-out, commercially farmable cultivars.

When their breeding crew sees one thing particular within the fields, they lower it, clone it, take a look at it, and breed it for seeds. The following generations reveal fascinating traits, like sooner flowering, in addition to undesirable ones—like attracting pests.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

This yr, Uncooked Backyard has an enormous Bubba Kush testing part, with a hunch that the classics will come again in type, however a lot of the strains find yourself getting lower for one purpose or one other – solely making 1-2% progress.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

A extra rapacious firm would plant each sq. inch with the flavors of the season. As an alternative, Uncooked Backyard runs enormous R&D fields. They’re breeding in a wild sort of hashish known as “ruderalis,” which lends heartiness and faster flowering to high-THC strains.

“We wished to personal that understanding higher,” mentioned Al-Naser.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Tech at Uncooked Backyard monitor 35 information factors on tester vegetation. By way of breeding, outside cultivating at scale, processing, and extraction science, authorized gross sales, and distribution—it’s their race to lose.

“We’ve actually been chasing stability for a very long time now,” he mentioned.

Uncooked Backyard additionally has an Aroma Coaching Grounds the place they educate breeding crew members what stoners imply after they say “gasoline,” as within the limonene-pinene of OG Kush.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

The best way Pantone quantifies colours, Uncooked Backyard desires to quantify smells.

“What are we speaking about after we say one thing smells ‘dank’?” asks Khalid. “We’re working to create a vernacular round how we speak about aromas.”

The coaching grounds present benchmark hashish cultivar smells for Blue Dream and OG Kush, recalibrating noses so new employees can exit and determine contemporary analogs within the discipline.

Wrapping up 2020

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(David Downs/Leafly)

Below an excellent blue sky, a tractor preps the soil for winter cowl cropping and the yr’s subsequent two cycles. Winter cowl crops develop over and get tilled beneath, including nitrogen again together with different useful micronutrients.

The founders picked Buellton, CA in Santa Barbara County for its appropriate land, sizzling solar, cool nights, and moderating east-west ocean breezes via the coastal valleys. Much more essential: a appropriate native authorities.


9 best marijuana strains of the 2020 harvest

Immediately, county hashish trade taxes rival that of vineyards, all on a minuscule fraction of the acreage: simply 2,500 acres.

And if you happen to didn’t already assume they had been an unimaginable operation, in November, Uncooked Backyard offered 1,300 meals to youngsters in want by way of the county’s Meals Financial institution.

Raw Garden harvest photo essay by David Downs at Leafly
(Brian Walker / Courtesy Uncooked Backyard)

Uncooked Backyard FAQs

What pressure is Uncooked Backyard?

Uncooked Backyard has launched over 500 strains, together with 80 this harvest yr.

Are Uncooked Backyard carts good?

They go California’s strictest on the planet class 3 testing customary for purity and label accuracy. They’re constantly among the many best-selling manufacturers of their class since 2018.

How will you inform if a Uncooked Backyard cart is actual?

Uncooked Backyard counterfeiting is rampant within the illicit market, and the bundle will idiot most individuals. Get one from a legit supply. Purchase solely from a licensed California dispensary. You may verify licensing here.

Leafly solely lists licensed dispensaries. Don’t purchase from a good friend or member of the family who ‘is aware of a man who purchased them in a dispensary’, or on-line. You don’t know what’s within the cart, and there are many vape contaminants which have triggered everlasting harm.

What firm owns Uncooked Backyard?

Uncooked Backyard is included as Central Coast Agriculture Farming, LLC.

David Downs's Bio Image

David Downs

David Downs directs information and way of life protection because the California Bureau Chief for He is written for WIRED, Rolling Stone and Billboard, and is the previous hashish editor of the San Francisco Chronicle, in addition to the creator of a number of hashish books together with ‘Marijuana Harvest’ by Ed Rosenthal and David Downs. He co-hosts The Hash podcast. TW: @davidrdowns | IG @daviddowns

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