Many employers use a urine drug test to ensure that their employees are drug free. They also use these tests for pre-employment purposes to eliminate the possibility of hiring a person who is a drug user. Testing for drug use can eliminate employees who have a positive urine drug test, especially since drug use lowers employee productivity, increases absenteeism, and causes other problems in the workplace. Testing employees for drug use is becoming more and more popular as business owners try to increase productivity and cut costs.
Anyone who works in safety-sensitive transportation is required by law to be tested for drugs and alcohol. The Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991 requires a driver who works in mass transit, pipelines, trucking, railroads, aviation, and other transportation industries to be tested. Drug and alcohol-free drivers ensure safety for those traveling on subways, trains, charter or tour buses, and other means of transportation.
A driver who has a commercial driver’s license (CDL) is required to have mandatory testing by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). A urine drug test is the primary way that drivers are tested for five classifications of drugs in their systems, including marijuana, cocaine, opiates – opium and codeine derivatives, amphetamines and methamphetamines, and phencyclidine – PCP. If any of these drugs are found in the driver’s urine, the result is removal from driving on public roads. Drivers who refuse the test are considered to have positive results, just as if they had taken a test and failed it. While the employee is suspended from the job, he/she must follow guidelines, including further series of urine drug testing, before the CDL is reinstated and the driver returns to work. Those who fail drug tests are often out of work for some time since many employers hesitate to hire anyone with a drug record.
A urine drug test is also used by the FAA to test aviation employees, by the FRA to test railroad workers, and by other workers in safety-sensitive fields. Because there are many ways that drug users try to hide their drug use from showing up in their urine, it is very important for urine collection personnel to follow a 10 step collection procedure that is part of the 49CFR Part 40 law. The collection agent instructs employees who come in for testing on the procedures that are to be followed in order for the test to be credible. Preparing the restroom and inspecting any area that could be a hiding place for a tester to hide chemicals or agents that might change his/her urine is a very important part of this person’s job. For more information on how to use a urine pouch for a drug test please visit https://urinewarmer.org In addition, the collection agent must complete a Federal Drug Testing Custody and Control Form for each employee being tested. The testing facility must be checked after each test as well, and the agent must ensure that the employees remove jackets, empty pockets, and follow all of the rules that the federal government mandates for a valid urine drug test.