A report printed this month by the Cato Institute has discovered no affiliation between the legalization of leisure marijuana and sure hostile social results. The report, “The Impact of State Marijuana Legalization: 2021 Replace,” was published online by the libertarian-leaning suppose tank on February 2.

The report builds on an earlier evaluate of analysis finding out the results of legalizing marijuana and hashish in states that had enacted reforms previous to mid-2018. That report discovered that projected results, each constructive and damaging, had been in lots of circumstances overstated by advocates on either side of the problem.

“On the time, our knowledge confirmed that state‐​degree legalization of marijuana had usually minor results,” the authors of the report wrote. “One notable exception was the rise in state tax income from legalized marijuana gross sales; states with authorized marijuana markets have collected thousands and thousands of {dollars} in state tax revenues.”

This yr’s replace consists of further knowledge from states included within the unique report in addition to data from states which have legalized hashish to be used by adults because the first one was printed. 

“New knowledge reinforce our earlier conclusions,” the authors state within the 2021 replace.

Drug Use

The report examined the connection leisure hashish legalization has on the charges of use of marijuana and different substances. Whereas a rise in the usage of hashish was seen in states that legalized marijuana, the rise was according to traits in place earlier than reforms had been enacted.

“Legalizing states show larger and rising charges of use prevalence, however these patterns existed previous to legalization,” the report discovered.

Equally, the authors discovered no affiliation between legalizing leisure marijuana and the use of more dangerous substances comparable to cocaine.

“These knowledge counsel no clear relationship between marijuana legalization and cocaine use. Though Oregon noticed an upward development in cocaine use after legalization, Massachusetts noticed a downward development,” they famous. “In different states, together with Washington and Maine, cocaine use charges are according to nationwide traits.”

Highway Security

The report additionally examined the impression of the legalization of marijuana on street security, noting that two hypotheses exist on the topic. One holds that legalization will result in a rise in drivers impaired by hashish leading to a damaging impression on security. 

Nevertheless, reform advocates keep marijuana legalization is prone to result in a lower in drivers impaired by alcohol, decreasing the general hazard. The authors of the report famous that the “related measure for public security is the online impact” and cited analysis that discovered “no impact on site visitors fatalities amongst legalizing states.”

Crime And Violence

The authors famous that advocates for and in opposition to leisure hashish legalization have postulated that the change could impact crime charges, with “proponents of marijuana legalization argue that legalization reduces crime by diverting marijuana manufacturing and sale from underground markets to authorized venues.”

“On the similar time, legalization could decrease the burden on legislation enforcement to patrol for drug‐​associated offenses, liberating up monetary and personnel assets for legislation enforcement to handle extra extreme crimes,” they continued.

Whereas opponents of marijuana legalization have warned that rising marijuana commerce with legalization might additionally profit violent underground operators, the information reviewed by the report confirmed that “total, violent crime has neither soared nor plummeted within the wake of marijuana legalization.”

The information concerning the impact of marijuana legalization on different components together with psychological well being and suicide had been additionally blended. The authors additionally famous that financial and demographic outcomes weren’t prone to see a major impression from legalization, though governments might count on to see a considerable impact on their budgets.

“One space the place marijuana legalization has a major impression is thru rising state tax income,” they wrote.