The enactment of legal guidelines and insurance policies that let the leisure use of marijuana by adults doesn’t result in a rise in hashish use by youngsters, in keeping with outcomes of a examine revealed just lately. In reality, the investigators who carried out the analysis decided that younger individuals who use marijuana in states with legal guidelines legalizing adult-use hashish really accomplish that much less usually. The study, “Leisure Marijuana Legalization and Adolescent Use of Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol,” was revealed by the Journal of Adolescent Well being final week.
To conduct the examine, researchers related to Boston College reviewed survey knowledge that had been collected over a interval of almost 20 years on the usage of marijuana and different substances from a nationally consultant pattern of multiple million highschool college students. The researchers studied knowledge from the Youth Danger Conduct Survey knowledge collected in 47 states from 1999 to 2017, which assessed marijuana, alcohol, cigarette, and e-cigarette use amongst adolescents.
‘No Proof’ Authorized Pot Will increase Teen Use
An evaluation of the info “discovered no proof that RML [recreational marijuana legalization] was related to [an] elevated probability or degree of marijuana use amongst adolescents,” the authors of the examine wrote. “Slightly, amongst adolescents who reported any use of marijuana prior to now month, the frequency of use declined by 16 p.c after RML.”
Of their assertion of function, the researchers famous that the growing number of states which are enacting adult-use hashish laws makes it vital to find out the development’s influence on public well being, significantly amongst younger individuals.
“Given the speedy growth of leisure marijuana legalization (RML) insurance policies, it’s important to evaluate whether or not such insurance policies are related to shifts in the usage of marijuana and different substances, significantly for adolescents, who’re uniquely vulnerable to adverse repercussions of marijuana use,” they wrote.
Paul Armentano, the deputy director of the Nationwide Group for the Reform of Marijuana Legal guidelines (NORML), mentioned in an announcement from the group that the examine illustrates that adult-use hashish reforms might be enacted in a way that doesn’t improve teen use, opposite to the boilerplate rhetoric generally employed by anti-legalization forces.
“These newest findings add to the rising physique of scientific literature exhibiting that legalization insurance policies might be applied in a way that gives entry for adults whereas concurrently limiting youth entry and misuse,” said Armentano. “Moreover, these findings stand in sharp distinction to the sensational claims usually made by legalization opponents, claims that to date have confirmed to be baseless.”
NORML famous that related analysis revealed in 2019 by the journal JAMA Pediatrics decided that legal guidelines allowing medical marijuana additionally didn’t improve hashish use by teens.
“In line with the outcomes of earlier researchers, there was no proof that the legalization of medical marijuana encourages marijuana use amongst youth. Furthermore, the estimates reported … confirmed that marijuana use amongst youth may very well decline after legalization for leisure functions,” NORML famous within the launch. “This latter result’s constant … with the argument that it’s tougher for youngsters to acquire marijuana as drug sellers are changed by licensed dispensaries that require proof of age.”